A rare hostess does not want to surprise loved ones with his culinary skills.
Not only the latest recipes are used, but also various sauces and seasonings.
However, in an effort to improve the taste of the dish, it is important not to forget about the benefits.
Therefore, today more and more people in the process of cooking prefer natural seasonings.
And among these for several millennia, horseradish has not lost its relevance.
Having received recognition throughout Europe, it still remains a “primordially Russian” seasoning.
Horseradish belongs to the cabbage family.
Herbaceous perennial plant.
Appearance: straight, branched to the top, stem up to 100-120 cm.
The leaves are oval, elongated.
The roots are thick, reach a considerable length.
At the moment there are several varieties of horseradish.
Distributed in Europe, Asia, partly in America.
Not only the features of the taste of this plant make it so popular, the incredible healing properties of this root are simply amazing.
Mention of the beneficial effects of this plant appear in the first documents indicating the appearance of this plant.
Although the origin of horseradish is still unidentified, according to some sources, this plant was grown by the ancient Romans and Greeks, using it both as a separate dish and as a seasoning.
It was believed that it increases vitality, gives energy.
In Russia, horseradish was grown much later, approximately, from the 9th century.
Initially, it was used exclusively as a seasoning, but later the healing properties of this plant were noted.
At the moment, its usefulness and its health qualities are confirmed by official medicine.
Moreover, Japanese and American scientists have included this plant in the list of strategically important for medicine.
Of course, all these properties are explained by the unique chemical composition of this plant.
And indeed, it is — just a storehouse of useful elements, vitamins and substances.
- Vitamins, most of all horseradish contains vitamin C, it should be noted that much more than in lemon, also contains vitamins PP, B1, B2, B6, B9 (folic acid), E;
- Micro and macronutrients: iron, magnesium, copper, phosphorus, calcium, potassium and others;
- Essential and mustard oils, which not only give the horseradish a special smell and taste, but also destroy harmful bacteria, increase immunity and help improve digestion;
- Nitrous (arginine and aspargin) and resinous substances also have antibacterial properties;
- Carotene is a powerful antioxidant, reduces the risk of infectious diseases, partially neutralizes the negative impact of the environment on the human body; has a beneficial effect on the nervous system;
- Proteins, fats and carbohydrates, more about which we describe below.
Its nutritional value may vary slightly depending on the variety and period of cultivation.
On average, 100 grams of grated root contains:
- 77 grams of water;
- 3.2 grams of vegetable proteins (including lysozy — a bactericidal protein substance);
- 0.5 grams of fat (saturated and unsaturated fatty acids);
- more than 10 grams of carbohydrates, including glucose, arabinose, starch. Horseradish also contains almost 7.5 grams of fiber.
It should be noted that the human body spends more energy than it receives on the assimilation of this product, therefore it is characterized by negative caloric content.
As already mentioned, horseradish has a truly unique healing properties.
These include the antibacterial property of this plant, and its beneficial effects on the intestines, liver, urinary and respiratory system, skin, and the possibility of using it for the prevention of cancer.
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The use of this root for the treatment of colds and pathologies of the respiratory system.
Horseradish is a powerful natural antibiotic, phytoncides in its composition help the body to effectively fight bacteria.
In addition, it acts as an expectorant, which is also indicated for ARD.
Therefore, with outbreaks of flu and colds, it is recommended to add this seasoning to food.
Useful properties of plants for the gastrointestinal tract:
For gastritis, dysfunction of the biliary ducts, and lethargy of the muscles of the intestinal tract, diluted juice of the root of this plant or an infusion from its roots is prescribed.
In addition, in small quantities, this seasoning improves appetite, as it has a beneficial effect on the release of digestive juices.
However, it should be remembered that it is impossible to apply horseradish with high acidity and in the presence of inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract;
From the grated root with the addition of apple make cleansing facials.
Infusion of the root is recommended for removing freckles and age spots.
Also, the juice of this plant is used for baldness, rubbing it into the scalp;
Separately, we note the benefit of horseradish for a strong half of humanity, it has useful properties especially in relation to men.
The root of this plant has long been used to treat sexual impotence.
However, in the presence of prostatitis, it is better to avoid dishes with this seasoning.
Fresh leaves of horseradish, also have beneficial properties, as are rich in vitamins, so their addition to food perfectly helps to fight against vitamin deficiency.
In addition, it is in the leaves contains carotene, the beneficial properties of which were described above.
Dry sheets have antibacterial properties, which is why they are often used in the preparation of canned vegetables.
In addition, the leaves help to irritate the skin, but its effect is much weaker than mustard.
When radiculitis, you can also put the leaves in a sore spot, the pain will go away for about 20 minutes.
For therapeutic purposes, horseradish roots, dug out in early spring or autumn, are usually used; it is believed that at this time the roots have useful properties.
The use of shredded horseradish root has a beneficial effect on the circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and urogenital systems, as already described above.
It is important that the root retains its beneficial properties even in dried form.
Despite its usefulness, excessive consumption of horseradish should be avoided, since it can cause burns to the mucous membranes of the mouth, stomach and intestines.
Before using as a medicine, it is recommended to consult a doctor.