Cherry owes its popularity to its excellent taste and many beneficial properties.
This berry is actively used in cooking, and due to its medicinal characteristics, it has acquired a special value.
What properties make this berry such an indispensable product?
People have been growing cherries since ancient times.
For the first time the peoples of the Mediterranean countries learned about it, after which it gained distribution in the Caucasus and in Persia.
And in the I century AD. from Rome, this berry came to Europe.
In Russia, this tree began to grow much later.
In the suburbs of Moscow, cherry orchards appeared under Yuri Dolgoruky, and by the 15th century, cherries had become the most beloved fruit tree.
Even then, people knew that this berry helps with various diseases.
Common cherry is a shrub or tree up to 7 m, belonging to the Rosaceae family.
Bark trunks gray-brown shade, leaf-stalked, simple.
Pink or white flowers are collected in inflorescences.
You can also find the wild form of this berry — it multiplies from the root of the shoots.
It is not surprising that the fruits of the cherry from time immemorial are used for medicinal purposes, because they have a very rich composition:
- fructose and glucose — 11.3%;
- organic acid — 1.3%;
- plant fiber — 0.5%.
Minerals are also represented by a fairly wide range:
- potassium — 256 mg;
- phosphorus — 30 mg;
- calcium — 37 mg;
- sodium, 20 mg;
- manganese — 26 mg;
- iron 1.4 mg.
However, inositol is a particularly useful substance, which contributes to the stabilization of metabolic processes in the body.
In addition, the cherry contains anthocyanins, which makes it an excellent antioxidant and an effective means to strengthen the capillaries.
Also a very valuable feature of this berry is the presence of coumarins and oxycoumarins in its composition — these substances are useful in ischemic heart disease, thrombophlebitis, phlebothrombosis.
And chlorogenic acid ensures the normal functioning of the kidneys and liver.
Due to the presence of pectin and fiber, cherry has a positive effect on the functioning of the intestine and removes excess cholesterol.
And the presence of iron and copper in the composition helps to successfully fight anemia.
The flesh of cherry berries can be safely called a tasty and useful medicine of a broad spectrum of activity.
This product has many irreplaceable characteristics.
Consider, what is the benefit of cherries for the body:
It helps to increase hemoglobin levels, helps reduce high blood pressure and strengthen capillaries;
It is a means of preventing heart attacks, strokes, thrombosis, complications of atherosclerosis and strokes;
Used to treat arthritis and gout, as it helps to reduce the content of uric acid in the body and cope with inflammation of the joints;
It is used to treat epilepsy and other mental illnesses due to its high copper content;
Copes with staphylococci and streptococci, fights pathogens of dysentery;
Effectively copes with constipation and removes slags from the body due to the high content of pectins;
Cherry is also useful for women, because it effectively fights discomfort during menopause.
In addition, the fair sex can use this berry for cosmetic purposes.
Berry fruits and juice from them are used to prepare masks and creams that positively affect the structure of the skin and hair.
Pulp berries perfectly nourishes, refreshes the skin and tightens its pores.
Also it is a very popular slimming product.
Caloric content of this berry is only 52 kcal per 100 g.
At the same time, the nutritional value of this product is very high, because it helps to saturate the body with all the necessary substances.
The benefits of cherries are also invaluable for people with diabetes.
This berry has a lower glycemic index than other fruits.
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In addition, it contains anthocyanins, which slow down the rate of absorption of sucrose, and this is extremely important in diabetes.
In addition, cherries should be included in your diet for pregnant women, because it contains folic acid, which is essential for the proper development of the embryo.
Also, the use of this berry will help get rid of anemia in the period of carrying a child.
But not only cherry fruits differ in their valuable properties.
For example, the fruit of the berry has an astringent and diuretic effect, promotes the removal of urea from the body, which makes them effective for gout, edema, edema, urolithiasis, hypertension, and urine acid diathesis.
You can not ignore the leaves of this plant.
They can be brewed with hypertension and bleeding.
In addition, the infusion of cherry leaves is recommended to drink with heavy menstruation and nosebleeds, and the decoction in milk should be taken by people suffering from liver disease.
It is useful not only fresh: it is quite possible to freeze it for the winter.
Frozen cherries, also allows you to save the maximum amount of nutrients that allows you to get vitamins throughout the year.
Not everyone knows that you can make tea from cherries, which has a large number of useful properties.
And for the preparation of this drink, you can use not only berries, but also leaves, twigs and stalks, in this respect, a sort of cherry sage, takes first place in honor.
So, the tea from the stalks is very useful in chronic bronchitis, and the drink from the leaves has an anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect.
As a febrifuge, he has perfectly recommended tea made from dried cherry berries, while a drink from the sprigs of this plant will ease the pain of cystitis and help clear the buds of sand.
Felt cherry also has useful properties, for example, it improves the digestion of animal fats and proteins, regulates the bowels.
Despite its many beneficial properties, cherries can be harmful in certain diseases.
Consider contraindications for which you should not use this berry:
- increased acidity of the stomach;
- chronic lung disease;
- disruption of the digestive tract;
- tendency to diarrhea;
- acute stage of gastroenteritis.
Also, excessive consumption of cherries can adversely affect the state of the tooth enamel.
To prevent a negative effect, it is necessary after each use of the berries, brush your teeth and rinse your mouth.
When eating cherries, it is worth remembering that such substances as glycoside and amygdalin are present in the nuclei of its bones.
In case of decomposition, they can lead to the formation of hydrocyanic acid in the intestine.
Seeds that are in the pit of a berry are poisonous to the human body.
At the same time a small amount of seeds can get rid of gout and kidney disease.
Cherry is a very valuable product that contains many vitamins.
Due to the presence of useful substances, this berry can be used for the treatment and prevention of various diseases.
And in order not to cause harm to their own health, it is necessary to take into account possible contraindications to its use.
Cognitive video, will be useful for all age categories, in it you will learn what diseases cherries treats, as well as some information about other summer berries. Eat right!