Ornamental shrubs for the garden and garden with names and photos
Good all the time of day!
Now almost everyone has their own summer cottage. Someone grows vegetables, berries on it, someone is engaged exclusively in floriculture.
But all, one way or another, give their site an aesthetic appearance, planting ornamental shrubs on it.
Now in many magazines, and the Internet tells how to do it right.
Scientifically, this is called landscape design. Our task today is of course somewhat different, we will not touch on this topic much, although we will touch on this aspect a little. And we will consider what kind of shrubs exist at all, and what they are.
I think that this information will help you decide what to plant and what is not in your free zone. And for starters, I would like to give some tips on choosing these plants.
- When choosing pay attention to the region in which you can grow a particular type. What climatic conditions are suitable for it?
- Be sure to pay attention to the fact that you get sun-sapling seedlings, or shade-resistant. According to this and land. For example, the latter are often planted in the shadow of the first. Or they prepare special places for them in accordance with the distribution of light during the day.
- More important is the size of the plant. So, if the plot is small, then plant a very sprawling, lush, requiring a large amount of free space on the plants, in such areas is not worth it.
- If you are planning to make a hedge, then low-growing representatives of this species are perfect for her.
- Recently, many shops sell many beautiful arches. For their design should choose climbing plants.
Perennial summer flowering shrubs for the summer cottage
Many people try to plant such types of plants on their plots. As a rule, they are quite unpretentious and therefore do not require constant care. And if at the same time they also bloom all summer, or most of it, then such a plant will be just perfect.
Of course, not all of them bloom the whole season, but having them competently with those that bloom most of the warm season, you can achieve such an effect that the whole summer season will be beautiful in the garden.
Let’s consider the most successful options for planting in the garden. And let’s start with the most beloved and frequently used.
This magnificent plant is planted almost everywhere. The peak of its bloom is in May and a little in early June. Its pleasant spring smell will delight anyone, and a sprig of lilac, set in a vase at home, always gives an element of spring mood.
Lilac is not only purple, but with white flowers, as well as emit varieties such as simple, terry and super terry.
Even when it is already fading, its leaves are always fresh and beautiful, and it is very popular in plantings.
Another name for this beautiful and interesting plant is Chubushnik.
This shrub is loved for its incomparable scent. During the flowering period, it attracts many insects to the garden — bumblebees, bees … Its dimensions are different, and depend on the variety and type, and can reach a height and width from one meter to four.
This is for the most part a southern plant. Although there are certain varieties that grow in the Urals and Siberia. There are many species and varieties of jasmine (about 60). And on the site you can plant several different seedlings. This is because they all can bloom at different times.
Basically, of course, jasmine blooms from mid-June to late July. One of the most popular varieties is the bushy fluffy from North America.
However, there are many other popular species, among them frost-resistant. Let’s consider them.
Chubushnik ordinary (has a very fragrant aroma). He comes from Western Europe, but he also got along well with us. Differs rather high and sprawling crown up to 3 — 3.5 meters, abundant flowering. Its peduncles have a pleasant slightly creamy, more white shade. Able to withstand temperatures up to 25 degrees.
Chubushnik Shrenka — its homeland is China and the Far East. It is also a fairly large plant, capable of growing up to 3 meters in height. The flowers are pure white, beautiful, with an incomparable scent. It starts blooming around mid-June, and blooms almost until mid-July, but the average flowering period is 25 days. It is also quite winter-hardy, and will be able to overwinter with a temperature of — 25 degrees.
Chubushnik is odorless — The name speaks for itself. Alas … but the flowers have no smell at all, although they are quite beautiful and, at the same time, are also collected in tassels. The flowering period is quite large, begins at the end of June, and is 30 days. This winter-hardy shrub, reaching a height of 3 meters, came to us also from North America.
Chebushnik fluffy — also comes from North America, but slightly lower than his “countryman”, and reaches a height of 2 meters. The flowers have light, almost white with a light creamy tinge of inflorescences, which, unlike the relative, have a faint pleasant smell. It blooms in late July, that is, after all representatives of this species.
Chebushnik Gordon — the tallest of all, its height with good conditions of detention can reach 5, and even 6 meters. Blossom begins in the second half of July, the flowers are delicate, white, with a slight pleasant smell.
Almost every gardener grows on the site peony. But this herb has a shrub relative — called tree peony.
This beautiful plant is not much different from a grassy relative. It blooms a little earlier. Reaches the sizes to 1,5 meters.
There are many varieties of it and they differ in the color of flower stalks: there are maroon, yellow and pink. And all of them are chic and incredibly beautiful.
If you are a lover of roses, then you will definitely like this plant, because its flowers are somewhat similar to rose flowers. If you properly care for him, he does not stint on flowering and for a long time please the owners with their appearance.
By the way, camellia feels well and as a potted plant in the house.
The bush certainly does not grow so huge as in the garden, but the flowers also delight, however, like the camellia itself as a whole.
This is another plant that gardeners love to plant on their land. He is loved not only for the beautiful abundant flowering, but also for the fact that these flowers give later abundant yields of useful fruits.
In fact, this made the Kalina almost permanent «tenant» at the cottages.
This plant has a very nice pleasant aroma. In addition to the decorative properties, this shrub also has medicinal, which forces him to plant in the country.
The elder has one most useful quality — mosquitoes and flies do not like its smell. Therefore, dropping it under the window, you will protect yourself from uninvited guests.
The only thing, many do not like to grow this plant because of its high growth. The height can even reach 10 meters. However, if you properly trim it, you can not only give a beautiful decorative form, but also adjust its height.
Flowering begins in May, sometimes in June, depending on the weather. Note that fruits are red and black, but only black is edible.
Black elderberry juice is useful for maintaining health, and is widely used in traditional medicine. The range of application is quite wide — it is a tonic, antipyretic, expectorant, antiviral and antifungal agent.
This plant has recently become very popular and loved by gardeners and gardeners. This beautiful perennial shrub with curving branches, entirely covered with flowers. At the same time, there can be only one white flower on one plant, and there can be both white and pink.
It all depends on the type of seedlings.
Unlike the high elder, the highest spirea can reach a height of only two meters. And there are undersized varieties, which many give their preference.
By the nature of flowering spirea is spring flowering and summer. Therefore, it is best to plant different varieties so that its flowering is constant.
It also has a different shape — this must be taken into account when landing, choosing a permanent place for it. Creeping and weeping forms are different; both are beautiful.
Very beautiful and varieties with decorative foliage. These are not even in color look very impressive.
This is a perennial plant that not only blooms beautifully, but also gives the first delicious berries. Of course, they are somewhat specific in taste, but they have a lot of useful properties.
This shrub is represented by both straight-growing and curly forms, which makes its decorative use more diverse.
For example, curly forms can be grown on arches. It looks just amazing.
Honeysuckle berry is very useful. It is good both in a natural form, and in compotes and jams.
The shrub is thorny, and therefore it is good to use as a green fence. It is often planted not only on the site, but also outside. Then, when you need something to enclose.
Unlike other shrubs, hawthorn must be cut periodically to give it the desired shape. So it looks more beautiful.
Berriestepberry is also very useful, and has wide application, both in traditional and traditional medicine.
We know this plant, as the most ordinary, which can grow in the forest, and where he wants. However, in the landings and design of the plots, it also has its own special decorative purpose.
Its value is difficult to overestimate — it is beautiful when it blooms, useful when it gives fruit. And also just as good as a living beautiful hedge.
It is more prickly than hawthorn, and therefore a wild rose hedge from unwanted guests will become much more efficient.
And as you know, wild rose is a wild rose, and who doesn’t love them ?! Therefore, brought out shrub garden roses.
This plant is available in almost every summer cottage. It can be planted as a hedge, and just in flowerbeds; both separately and in complex plantings. And also they are very beautiful on special arches.
For example, such a wonderful hedge turned out when planting different varieties of roses. From such beauty it is difficult to tear off a look.
It looks great in the garden, and just decorating the wall outside.
These were popular and common plants. But there are still such species, which can only be heard.
However, they are very beautiful, bloom well and will decorate any garden.
There are a lot of types and varieties of hibiscus. There are annuals — they are single flowering plants, and perennials are beautiful shrubs.
Among all the popular varieties is Duc de Brabant. It is very rich and beautiful blooms.
While young, hibiscus is a tall shrub. As he grows older, he acquires a woody form.
By the way, another of his name is a Chinese rose.
This plant is very loved in China, and it comes from there. It is very beautiful, and when flowering has a fairly large flowers.
The magnolia begins to blossom in early spring, when the first leaves have not even appeared yet. And it always looks just great, I want to look and look at this miracle of nature.
Magnolia can be pink, white and yellow in color. If you want something exotic, the magnolia is just what you need!
This shrub is quite unpretentious, and it can often be found not only in the garden, but also on the street and in the park area. Often it is planted there as a hedge.
It blooms beautifully and abundantly, and by the autumn it produces numerous colorful berries, which also makes it quite attractive.
There are a lot of species and varieties of cotoneaster, so it can be planted on the site in different zones in accordance with the task.
When creating hedges and timely trimming, you can get such a wonderful appearance.
Such hedges can be used to create a classic design.
This sprawling plant, with reddish branches, can reach a height of one and a half meters, and thorny twigs can occupy a fairly large space.
Blooms profusely, begins in the summer, and can last quite a long time. And by the fall on the branches appear red, not very large fruits.
It looks very good in the vicinity of other plants, especially conifers. Therefore, this is taken into account when planning landings.
It can be trimmed, while creating quite acceptable shapes and sizes.
In this chapter, we looked at different types of shrubs, but unfortunately, not all of them can take root in a cold climate. Therefore, we specifically dwell on plants that are not afraid of the cold, and are experiencing any winter well.
Decorative frost-resistant shrubs for the garden plot
In the last chapter we have already considered such plants as spirea and barberry. They are not afraid of frost, and they winter well, therefore they like to be planted in cold regions. But here’s another plant that is worth paying attention to.
Interesting frost-resistant plant that grows well and looks beautiful, pleasing the eye.
The plant is characterized by bright red bark. To maintain this color, the bush must be cut every year, so that only small hemp could be above the soil.
At the same time, he also gives wide thickets.
Derain is not picky about growing conditions, it grows on different soils, both in the shade and in the sun. This unpretentious plant can be grown separately and in joint plantings with other shrubs, as well as a hedge.
Red shoots of this plant look best in winter.
Agree that for a sullen, gray-white winter, this color looks quite positive, and may well lift your spirits from just contemplating it.
This plant has a rich geography. Some of its varieties come from Japan, others from China, and still others were brought from North America. And perhaps only the latter can survive the cold winters.
Therefore, it would not be desirable to plant on the site of the southern beauties, do not give in, and get the necessary seedlings, not afraid of cold winters.
Hydrangea blooms very abundant, starting around mid-summer. With timely dressing inflorescences are obtained large, consisting of many individual flowers.
The bush has a rather volumetric beautiful look, it is caused by dense and lush foliage and of course large flowers.
Hydrangea requires abundant watering, it develops well and grows in the sun, but it can exist well in the shade.
It can be planted as a separate bush, and in the vicinity of other plants, including flowers.
The plant is just fabulous! It can have completely different colors of flowers — it is both white and blue. and red, and all their shades. And if you put them next to the conifers, it always looks amazing.
It is a rather large, tall, and spreading shrub. It may have golden or purple leaves, which divides it into two different species.
Flowering begins around the middle of summer, the flowers are small and can be colored from white to pink.
A remarkable feature of cultivation is that the plant is completely unpretentious, grows well in the shade, and also tolerates a dry summer, without needing special watering.
It is often grown in the shady area, where nothing else grows. However, it is worth knowing that you can create a great hedge from it.
As you can see, it looks quite decent and quite beautiful.
This plant is more known as grassy, although there are species that belong to the category of shrubs. The most famous among them is the pyatidistochnik and Kuril tea.
Spray varieties of Potentilla can reach a fairly decent one and a half meter height. And especially love her for flowering, the flowers, although not very large, but there are always quite a lot of them, and the silverweed is simply covered with yellow petals gathered in a simple inflorescence.
It blooms from summer to autumn.
It is worth noting that this is a photophilous plant, and if you plant it in the shade, then it probably will not want to grow there. However, it tolerates drought well, which is a plus.
If it is not possible to plant it just as an individual sapling, then you can use the plant as a border, separating the backyard path.
We looked at some plant varieties, but there is another category. which you do not want to deprive of attention — this is the berry representatives of this species.
It is a bush up to 3 meters high, having upright escapes. Sometimes they think that this is a tree, but in fact it is not one of those.
It blooms from late spring, dissolving very beautiful flowers. It is a valuable honey plant and always collects a lot of bees around itself.
With the onset of autumn, the irga is painted in multicolored shades, which makes it very picturesque.
Flowering and foliage is not all that this plant has. It is also abundantly fruiting. Berries have a remarkable, incomparable taste. In addition, not only tasty, but also useful.
Plant height can reach 3 meters, although it grows rather slowly.
Magnificent flowers of red color, are collected in buds, blossom in the 3rd year of life. During this period, she is incredibly beautiful and attractive. It is light-requiring and drought-resistant.
The only thing quince prefers specially prepared soil. Preparing for winter includes hilling and bending the lower branches.
But the plant can be trimmed only once every five years.
It grows quite widely, because it requires free space. Consider this when landing.
Despite its poisonousness, this plant is the height of fantasy garden landscape architecture. Just look at these photos.
It is cutting the box, you can create different figures and whole compositions. You can also use it as a hedge.
The plant is extremely shade-loving. This is an evergreen plant, wintering in the snow. It is preferable to plant it in spring.
As you can see, there are a lot of ideas for growing at the summer cottage, so choose not only what you like, but also those plants that will best grow in your climate.
Planting shrubs in the country provides for their placement according to a certain planning. But the main thing is the compatibility of plants.
That is, next to it is better to plant such plants that get along well with each other. The compatibility of some garden representatives is shown in the table below.
Green and white are compatible; red is incompatible.
Placement of shrubs, beds and other things on the site is now called landscape design. Although people have always engaged in this kind of action.
By purchasing a plot, we first begin to plan what and where will be built and planted.
Even just planted in a certain order, fruit plants and vegetables, already give your site a very attractive appearance.
And the placement of the tracks, recreation areas in the form of a gazebo, pool or mini pond, will give the site a more residential look.
When planting shrubs are used in two ways: geometric and landscape.
When using a geometric or regular method, plants are placed in the form of symmetrical shapes, such as squares, or rectangles.
The alleys are also made, between which the tracks are located. Chess stays are very well suited.
Landscape style is also called natural. In this embodiment, the plants are planted as they grow in nature, i.e. somewhat randomly, without a definite, clearly expressed plan.
This style is ideal for those areas that are not exactly flat in terms of relief.
The main thing is to draw a plan of the site, which indicates what will be planted and where. You can certainly do without a plan, but then you can just get confused.
When planning the site, at the beginning decide — you have only a garden, or you want to take at least part of the territory under a recreation area.
Then, in such a territory you need to place either all or part of the listed elements: a gazebo, or another recreation area, a pond, a pool, a barbecue area, or a barbecue, and maybe a summer kitchen.
Next, you can plan a landing: what and where you would like to see. And this is not only shrubs, this fully applies to the placement of flower beds, planting trees and everything else.
One of the concerns of any land owner is the fence, namely what it should be. Some are blocked by various building materials, others choose a hedge.
This is also worth thinking about when dropping all of your green pets.
As you can see, there are a lot of options. Here you need more imagination and desire, and everything will turn out. And of course, landscape design is a whole science. This is a very interesting topic that requires knowledge, fantasy and desire to do it.
Video on how to form a landing at your summer cottage
And if this is interesting to you, then finally, a small video on country landscape design.
Look, maybe you can draw some ideas for your garden. After all, all this is incredibly interesting and exciting!
And I finish this story today. It turned out not small, but I hope useful and interesting. After reading about the bushes and looking at their numerous photos, you can easily find plants that will please your view.