Useful properties and contraindications of grapes, cultivation
Usually, our knowledge of grapes is limited to its amazing taste, variety of grapevine species and its elegant appearance.
In addition, the mention of these berries may suggest an idea of making delicious wines.
It is also possible that someone will be able to recall thoughts about the healing properties of this plant, but rarely can anyone characterize them in more detail.
But grapes can rightly be called a real healing pharmacy, known for a long time and rich in a range of useful components.
The Asian region is considered the main supplier of this product, where its gastronomic value and healing properties were already known 6-7 thousand years ago.
Even in biblical verses, this plant is repeatedly mentioned in different life situations.
And if you recall the well-known parable about the good Samaritan, then in this place it is shown that many wanderers always had a grape wine with them to lubricate their wounds and drink inside.
Many famous healers of past epochs devoted entire scientific works to the medicinal qualities of this berry and based their medical practice on the use of juice and wine from grape fruits.
Among the initiators of the use of grapevine berries in medical practice were Hippocrates and Avicenna.
However, in the same descriptions are often mentioned not only the berries themselves, but also the rest of the plant, including the leaves and the vine.
In the Middle Ages, this plant as an artificially cultivated plant spread in the states of the European continent.
And as a main component in wine therapy, it became popular only in the middle of the 19th century.
To date, over eight thousand grape varieties with different shades of taste and chemical structure, adapted to regional terrain features and intended for various purposes, are known all over the planet.
Today, around 10 million hectares of productive land are involved in vineyards around the world. Depending on the purpose of different varieties in different states there are priority areas for cultivation.
For example, in Turkey grows mainly plant, a species which is suitable only for the production of raisins.
Berries with a higher content of medicinal ingredients are common in the region of Central Asia, Moldova, in the south of Ukraine.
This plant is very light-loving and therefore a better environment than in warm Asian countries is difficult for him to find.
Moreover, the grapes are very demanding and to heat.
However, breeders of recent decades have done everything possible to ensure that the vine has been successfully cultivated in the middle latitude zone, closer to the northern part of the planet.
The most favorable area for the growth of this culture is the area between the 30th and 50th degrees of southern and northern latitudes.
For productive growth of the vine also requires an adequate supply of ground moisture.
Therefore, in regions with arid climate, grapes allow a very long root system to reach the deep horizon of water.
In order for the berries to get enough light, a flexible vine needs reliable support.
Under natural conditions, such a support is the slopes growing near trees.
Grape plant has a long growing season.
A shrub grows from one root process, which can exist for more than a century, while releasing new processes each year.
In this case, the duration of the entire plant in length can reach twenty meters.
And the crown formed by new processes is capable of covering tens of square meters of space under it.
However, in cultivated varieties such circumstances are usually not allowed — the growers will prune the young shoots, thus concentrating the full potential of the crop on the developed old vines.
Grapes can be used in various substances for the manifestation of their medicinal qualities.
These are juices from berries, tinctures from leaves, decoctions from a vine and even grains.
It is used fresh, in the form of wine, juice, in dried form.
This contributes to the content in the berries, leaves and other parts of the plant:
- Micro- and macroelements (zinc, iodine, iron, phosphorus, molybdenum, fluorine, vanadium, selenium, cobalt, copper);
- High concentrations of vitamins PP, group B (thiamine, riboflavin, cyancobalamin, folic acid, pyridoxine);
- Beta carotene;
- Organic acids;
For example, the leaves of this plant are used to make tincture with hypertensive symptoms — one tablespoon of dried leaves per cup of boiling water.
Twice reception of such tea provides excellent prophylaxis even for people prone to hypertension.
For women, grape leaves, but already in the form of a dry powder, are indicated for uterine bleeding.
In bronchial asthma, the beneficial effects of crushed raisins have long been observed.
The same tool has proven itself well in inflammatory processes of the kidneys and diseases of the urinary tract.
For example — Isabella variety, known for its delicate and sweet taste.
Consider the useful properties of Isabella:
- Drinking a little juice from the unripe grapes of this variety, you can get rid of, and at the same time — very quickly, from the increased temperature. And in order to reduce blood density, it is necessary to eat fresh berries of a plant more often — they act by analogy with regular aspirin;
- Scientists have confirmed the ability of one of the components of the berries of green grapes — flavonoid, to prevent the formation of cancer cells;
- And for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, the benefits of Isabella grapes in any form cannot be overestimated. The same can be said about its effect on the immune system. The leaves of any green grapes, including the aforementioned Isabella, have long been used successfully in fresh form as an expectorant. And if a leaf of this plant is applied to the forehead or the inside of the palm, then the increased temperature soon disappears;
- Regular consumption of Isabella and other green grapes has a positive effect on the elasticity of blood vessels and blood pressure.
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With all the positive nuances of using grapes, some people are required to limit its share in their diet.
Excessive fascination with the berries of this plant adversely affects people with a diseased liver.
It is undesirable, and even sometimes forbidden to use it suffering from diabetes.
Also, do not get involved in the abundant consumption of berries, with the occurrence of diarrhea and gastrointestinal pathologies, accompanied by high acidity.
In general, the use of individual parts of the plant, especially grapes, is common among the majority of the population of the planet.
However, as with any curative remedy, grapes must be applied in accordance with the installation of doctors
From this video, you can learn how to choose the right grapes and what benefits and harm it can bring to the body.