Hearthbread — what it is, how to bake it yourself
Hearth bread takes the leading place in popularity among other bakery products. Its feature is the baking method.
In the old days, they baked it in the oven on the floor, “under” from here comes the name of the bread — hearth. The stove was previously melted with plenty of firewood. When the wood burned, the coals were removed from the furnace. Round-shaped bread was placed in a heated oven. Heated the oven to 200 degrees roasted bread from below, inside it approached. Due to the correct circulation of the oven with a low arch, he was well baked.
Hearth bread was never baked in shape, it does not need them. The principle of baking was the presence of a flat surface. On the hearth, he himself fits and is formed to permissible volumes.
The lack of form does not give the bread a good fit, it turns out to be dense, satisfying. Easy to cut, it is considered very satisfying. The bread baked at the bottom of the oven usually has a round, oval, oblong shape. The oven should be very hot, such conditions allow you to bake a real hearth bread, which does not get stale for a long time.
In modern conditions there are no ovens like in the old days, however, this does not mean at all that it is impossible to achieve the necessary conditions when baking bread. Instead of the «hearth» use metal or ceramic sheets, stones for baking.
The baking stone is a piece of baked clay, its thickness can reach 5 cm. The stone warms up, after which its heat transfers to baking. The surface must be absolutely flat and dense. Before baking shaped bread should be separated on the table.
On top of the loaf, it is more common to make cuts or recesses in the center — this will allow the bread to grow up and not to crack. The hearth way of baking allows bread to reveal all its beauty, to gain a crisp.
Pre-oven is heated to 200 degrees. Place the bread, laid out on a flat surface. The heat roasts the crust, does not allow the dough to spread. Bread quickly seizes, and then baked from the inside.
Another condition that should be observed, the bread needs steam. If you do not have a professional steam oven, you can spray it with water from a spray bottle or place a container with water down the oven.
Modern technology is practically no different from the old, the main thing is to follow the recommendations, according to the recipe. If everything is done correctly, the bread will turn out lush, porous, tasty. To make the loaf more fragrant, you can put a cabbage leaf in the oven.
Kaymak — what it is and how to cook it correctly.
Read how to make delicious cranberry sauce for poultry meat.
Take note of the recipe for fragrant chicken in mayonnaise, which is very easy to cook in the oven.
Baked in a loaf of bread looks like a tall tortilla. However, it is rich in magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, microelements necessary for the body, antioxidants.
Eating such bread contributes to proper digestive processes. Components of bread affect the beauty of the skin. Unlike tin loaves, hearth normalizes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Dense in texture bread quickly saturates, just eat one slice. If a loaf is baked from rye flour, its useful properties increase several times. In addition, it can rightly be considered dietary.
For those who decide to cook bread for the first time, it is better to try the simplest recipe first. In the future, you should not be afraid of experiments, trying more complex options for baking bread using the hearth method.
A good helper for a modern housewife will be a bread maker in it, you can make dough, and then bake bread in the oven. If there is no bread machine, you can knead the dough with your own hands. The dough will have to go and distance according to the recipe.